The extent to which students have been required to actively do something with what they have learned will determine how deeply they know it. National Academy Press. On technique, trust, and responsiveness in the classroom 2nd ed. This will help you determine the proper scope and pace of your own course. For example, if a number of students in an anthropology class come from the design department, using examples and illustrations that relate to different cultural aesthetics or the use of objects in diverse cultural contexts will help students connect their disciplinary knowledge to the new material they are learning and to see its relevance to their own interests and future work. To plan an effective course, it is important to consider who our students are, taking into account their prior knowledge. A well-designed pretest can identify areas of robust or weak understanding. One easy way is to administer a simple diagnostic pretest during the first week of class.